Malware detection and analysis is the identification and study of software that can cause harm to a computer, network, or other hardware. This process can be done using computer or network anti-malware or using research tools to protect against new types of threats. In detection processing and analysis of malicious programs, it is important to have an updated database of new types of threats and to use tools that provide analysis of the program code Detection and analysis of malicious programs are the initial stages of combating cybercrime and protecting computer systems from attacks. Malware analysis may involve examining the code contained in malicious programs to determine their functionality and modus operandi.
Their impact on a computer system can also be studied, including the ability to collect and transmit sensitive information, make changes to a system, or use a computer in a botnet for criminal activitie Special tools such as decompilers, debuggers, and virtual machines can be used to analyze malware, which do not allow the internal processes of the malware to be removed. You can also use network tools to analyze traffic and detect malware running on the network. After detecting a malicious program, analyze its code and functions to find out what damage it can do to the system. The analysis may include examining the application’s distribution methods, examining its interaction with other applications and the operating system, and possible vulnerabilities that could be exploited for a search attack. After analysis, the malware is classified based on its characteristics, such as the method of distribution, type of damage, purpose, etc. This information can be used to develop anti-malware strategies and protect against similar attacks in the future
VirusTotal is a website and cloud-based tool that analyzes and scans files, URLs, and software for viruses, worms, and other types of malware.
When a file, URL, or software is submitted to VirusTotal, the tool uses various antivirus engines and other tools to scan and analyze for malware It then provides an analysis report that can help security professionals and blue teams identify and respond to potential threats. VirusTotal can also be used to check the reputation of a file or URL and monitor malicious activity on the network.
IDA (Interactive Disassembler) is a powerful tool used to reverse engineer and analyze compiled and executable code.
It can be used to investigate the inner workings of software, particularly malware, and understand how it functions. IDA allows users to disassemble code, decompile it to a higher-level programming language, and view and edit the resulting source co This can be useful for finding vulnerabilities, analyzing malware, and understanding how a program works. IDA can also be used to create graphs and charts that visualize the structure and flow of code, which can make it easier to understand and analyze.
Download IDA here.
Ghidra is a free and open source software reverse engineering tool developed by the National Security Agency (NSA).
It is used to analyze compiled and executable code, including malware. Ghidra allows users to disassemble code, decompile it to a higher-level programming language, and view and edit the resulting source code. This can be useful for finding vulnerabilities, analyzing malware, and understanding how a program works. Ghidra also includes a number of features and tools that support SRE tasks, such as debugging, code graphing, and data visualization. Ghidra is written in Java and is available for Windows, MacOS and Linux.
Full installation and troubleshooting information can be found here.
Navigate to the unzipped folder
If Ghidra fails to start, see the Troubleshooting link.