How Russia creates a nuclear threat to Ukraine and the world

22 February 2024 9 minutes Author: Cyber Witcher

Today we will talk about a detailed analysis of the impact of Kalibr missiles and other types of weapons on global security. Particular attention is paid to their use in the conflict in Ukraine, including attacks on civilian objects and the consequences for the civilian population.

On February 2, 2024, Ukraine again came under missile fire from Russia. The main targets of the attack were Kyiv and Kharkiv, where Russia used “checkers”, “cruise missiles” and air-launched ballistic missiles, including “Kinzhal” and “Karib”. According to the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the enemy carried out a total of 134 airstrikes against aerial targets. These were, in particular, “Dagars” and “Calibers”. At the beginning of 2023/12, the spokesman of the Naval Forces of Ukraine, Dmytro Pletenchuk, stated that Russia probably has a stockpile of Kalibr missiles.

“Kalibri” is the main product of DKV “Novator”

On July 14, 2022, Kalibr cruise missiles were launched from a Russian ship in the Black Sea. That shelling led to the death of 29 people in Vinnytsia. Ukrainian President Zelensky accused Russia of deliberately bombing civilian objects that had no military significance.

More than 20 people died on October 10, 2022. Mass missile attack on the territory of Ukraine, in which Russia probably used Calibre. Instead, the Russians boasted about the accuracy of their weapons. According to data from open sources, most of the rockets hit civilian objects: residential buildings, kindergartens and playgrounds.

Remains of the Kalibr missile found near the city of Konotop. Source: Ministry of Defense of Ukraine

Research and design bureau “Novator” is the main producer of “Calibers” in Russia. They are behind some missiles for Russian ships. But, in addition, they have a huge range of products.

Missiles of the Kalibr family (export name “Club”) are developed on the basis of the 3M-10 nuclear cruise missile and the ZM-51 anti-ship missile. TRDD-50 engines for Calibers are manufactured by the Rybinsk Motor Plant – PJSC ODK-Saturn (PJSC ODK-Saturn), which began to increase production in 2022, opening more than 500 new jobs.

According to the post of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, as of February 23, 2022, the Russian Federation had 500 Kalibr missiles (probably the most popular version of the missile, the 3M-14). , and there were 60 units in stock as of January 2023. The total maximum volley of missiles of the Caliber family amounted to 96 missiles. TRDD-50 engines can also be used on Kh-55, Kh-59 and Kh-101 missiles, as well as on Kh-35 Uran anti-ship cruise missiles. According to the article, the development of new Calibers is funded until 2027.

According to Forbes, the estimated price of “Caliber” is $6.5m. And the production cost of the 3M-14 version, with its mass production, is from $300k to $350k, for export it is sold for $500k.

What products is DKB “Novator” still working on?

In the Arkhangelsk region in 2019, an explosion occurred in a forgotten and remote village and, as a result, radiation was emitted. As the investigation showed, it was during underwater tests that the compact nuclear reactor of the Burevisnyk missile exploded. The manufacturer of this rocket is DKB (research and design bureau) “Novator”.

According to Russian websites, during its existence DKB “Novator” created 6 samples of artillery and 24 samples of missile weapons.

What is “DKB Novator” and its location

Design bureau “Novator” was founded in 1947 in Yekaterinburg. The company develops and manufactures missile complexes, cruise missiles, including Kalibr, launchers and training equipment for land, sea and air systems.

This is how the transit DKB “Novator” looks like.

In 2002, according to the decree of the President of the Russian Federation Putin, DKB became a part of JSC “Concern VKO “Almaz-Antey”. Since 2016, the chairman of the board of directors of the Almaz-Antey concern is Mikhail Yefremovich Fradkov (Mikhail Efemovych Fradkov), former director of the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation (2007-2016). Before that, it was managed by Pavel Ivanovich Kamnev (Kamnev Pavel Ivanovich). The son of the former general director and chief designer Pavel Kamnev — Pavel Pavlovich (Russian: Kamenev Pavel Pavlovich) worked as the chief lawyer of DKB Novator. In 2016, he was found hanged in one of Novator’s offices. The cause of death was given as suicide.

According to the milling machine vacancy, in 2021 the plant worked in 2 shifts: from 7:30 to 16:00 and from 15:45 to 00:15. In the vacancy for a tool fitter (modeler) there is also a third shift – from 00:00 to 7:30.

In August 2019, an explosion occurred at the central training ground of the Russian Navy “Nyonoksa” (“Nyonoksa”). As a result, one person died, the radiation background was increased. According to an investigation by, the explosion occurred underwater during an attempt to raise a compact nuclear reactor to the surface, i.e. Burevestnyk rocket (manufactured by DKB Novator) or Poseidon.

What does the territory of “Innovator” look like?

The main building is located at the address: Yekaterinburg, str. Cosmonauts, 18. The presence of launch tubes of rockets similar to “Kariby” near this building suggests that “Kariby” are produced and assembled in building 18Ш and in an unnamed building next to it.

The “Novator” CB plant is located on a plot with an area of 2,750 square meters. m. The machine-building plant named after Kalinin, production base for MZiK. In fact, they have the same structure. “Novator” was founded in 1947 on the basis of the plant named after Kalinin.

Satellite image of the territory of the DKB “Novator” enterprise

Probable production capacity of “Calibers”, all buildings are interconnected. Some of the buildings are rented out for offices

This part of the production facilities is located outside the territory of DKB “Novator”. Here, in particular, there are offices and buildings of various industries that rent premises. For example – a tram depot, a car service center, a car dealership and a toy store.

Part of the premises in a 4-story office building on the territory of the plant is rented out. This is probably the building that overlooks Cosmonauts Avenue. That is, it is not far from the pass-through plant.

Scheme of hull No. 6, where construction is planned to refuel and load “Calibers”

Other corps and military units:

One of the buildings of the flight test center in the city of Akhtubinsk, where repairs were carried out in September 2022

The flight test center is the city of Akhtubinsk-7, military unit of the Russian Air Force 15650. In January, April, August and September 2022, tenders were held for the repair of the production facility.

One of the buildings of the industrial site No. 1 in the Sverdlovsk region of Russia

Industrial site No. 1 — Sverdlovsk region, city of Kirovgrad, village Neyvo-Rudyanka, str. Zavodska, 4. The territory of the former forest chemical plant (streetview, photo, photo from the satellite 2019 with cylindrical metal objects. One of the buildings – with an area of 3000 m² was put up for sale in 2015 (1, 2).

Repair of housings, explosions and deaths at the factory

In September 2016, KB “Novator” began construction of a new building, which was completed in October 2018. This indicates the expansion of production capacities; between 2019 and 2020, another building was constructed on the adjacent site, also probably related to the expansion of production.

In addition, in 2020, construction work began on another site, which indicates the continuation of the modernization and development of the enterprise. Below are examples of buildings renovated at the plant between 2016 and 2020.

New shops that appear on the territory of the plant

In 2016, the roof of the 15th building of MZiK collapsed over the workshops of the 10th and 42nd buildings. According to official statements, the accident killed four people and injured 14, but the death toll is likely an underestimate, and in at least one case, a worker did not realize he had injured his leg due to shock and went to the factory hospital the next day, where he was treated they refused to issue a sick leave, because the shop was already closed, it was recorded in the reported. Following the roof collapse incident, the following buildings were also closed: building 27, the production area in building 11 and shop 24 in building 3.

As for the reviews of the employees, they only confirm this hypothesis. In particular, the engineer’s report in September 2022 states:

What should be improved: reduce the level of nepotism and develop a system for evaluating the work and competence of employees (due to the large number of “dependent” employees)

Here are some other employee testimonials:

a Russian “oppositionist” among the management of the factory that manufactures “Caliber”

Abdrakhmanov Farid Khabibulovich (Russian: Abdrakhmanov Farid Khabibullovich)

  • Date of birth: 10/22/1954

  • TIN 666301586521

  • Passport 1: 6503571486

  • Passport 2: 6519986500

  • SNIOR: 01092556523, 76503571486, 79221019080

  • Address: Yekaterinburg, Vostochnaya street, 8a, quarter 12.

General director and general designer. Also co-founder of CJSC “Monul” (ZAO “Monul”), the main activity was “other wholesale trade” (“51.70 – Other wholesale trade”).

Owned 2 cars: BMW X3 with number В646ЕМ196 [VIN:X4XWX394400C93629]. He probably sold it in 2022); and a Lexus NX300H (1, 2) with M141МС196 [VIN:JTJBJRBZ502086686], which also appears to have sold in 2022.

Penalties for traffic violations: 04/01/2007 — failure to comply with requirements prescribed by road signs or road markings, 12/17/2007 — failure to give way to pedestrians or other road users. Has 9 executive proceedings in the amount of 12k rubles. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).

Ivanov Vladimir Geraldovich (Russian: Иванов Владимир Геральдович) is the head of the DKB Novator trade union. Allegedly, since 2014, he was a co-founder of the regional branch of the “Party of Progress” in the Sverlov region — the party of the “opposition” politician Oleksiy Navalny. The regional office in Sverdlovsk region was liquidated in May 2015.

Let’s consider other “tops” of the enterprise:

The global threat of “Novator”

Due to the war in Ukraine, in 2022 DKB Novator was sanctioned by the USA, the EU, Switzerland and Ukraine as a manufacturer of military missiles. But, according to the statement of the representative of GUR, the Russian Federation can produce 15-20 Calibers per month. As of January 3, 2022, the Russian Federation had 177 Caliber, Kh-101, and Kh-55 missiles remaining.

Design Bureau “Novator” represents a significant and complex challenge in Russia’s war against Ukraine. This company is the source of “Kalibr” and they also produce other missiles that threaten the security of Ukraine. Given that some of these missiles are intercontinental missiles that can carry a nuclear warhead , then “Novator”, like “Kalibri”, is a threat to the whole world.

The information was taken from Molfar open sources

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